Efficacy Beliefs as a Moderator of the Impact of Work-Related Stressors: A Multilevel Study

عنوان : Efficacy Beliefs as a Moderator of the Impact of Work-Related Stressors: A Multilevel Study
نویسندگان : Steve M. Jex
نام مجله :Journal of Applied Psychology
سال انتشار: 1999

چکیده :

​This study built on previous exploratory research (S. M. Jex & D. M. Gudanowski, 1992) that examined both self-efficacy and collective efficacy as moderators of stressor-strain relations. Based on survey data collected from 2,273 U.S. Army soldiers representing 36 companies, it was found that both self- and collective efficacy moderated the relationship between stressors and strains. Multilevel random coefficient model results revealed that respondents with strong self-efficacy reacted less negatively in terms of psychological and physical strain to long work hours and work overload than did those reporting low levels of efficacy. In addition, respondents with high levels of self-efficacy responded more positively in terms of job satisfaction to tasks with high significance than did those with low efficacy. The results also revealed that group-level collective efficacy moderated the relationship between work over load and job satisfaction and between task significance and organizational commitment. Limitations of the study and implications of these findings are discussed.